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A project by HEKTAŞ and TAGEM for biofertilizer production from dry bread

The project “Developing Biofertilizer Formulations Containing Phosphorus Solvent Microbial Culture", which was carried out by HEKTAŞ with the technical and scientific support of the General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies (TAGEM) and Sivas Science and Technology University, has proven for the first time that out-of-use dry bread could be used as a potential medium for the reproduction of useful fungi. As part of the project, which aims to develop microbial fertilizer formulations that can replace chemical fertilizers used in agriculture, the beneficial microorganisms were successfully reproduced on dry bread. The project aims to develop useful fungi and use them for mass production.

In today’s world where waste prevention and recycling waste products are vital, HEKTAŞ, the leader of the plant protection industry, aims to develop microbial fertilizer for plants by using waste bread as fillers, reproducing useful fungi on them, and developing microbial fertilizer beneficial for the plants.

As part of the project, where microbial fertilizer formulations will be developed to replace chemical fertilizers used in agriculture, it has been proven that out-of-use dry bread can be used as a potential medium for the reproduction of useful fungi after a series of procedures and beneficial microorganisms have been successfully reproduced on dry bread. With the technical and scientific support from the GAP Agricultural Research Institute and the Sivas Science and Technology University, the project produced successful results in pre-trials performed on plants with microbial fertilizers prepared with dry bread. Following the completion of the project which the detailed studies will take 36 months, it is being planned to use approximately 100 tons of stale bread in the production of microbial fertilizer beneficial for the plants.

While the phosphorus put on the soil quickly bonds with other minerals and the plants are not able to benefit from phosphorus, the microbial fertilizers offer economical and eco-friendly alternatives to this problem. Within the scope of the project, it will be possible to use a fungus, which is developed on dry bread and which transforms the phosphorus available in inorganic and organic phosphorus compounds in the soil into a beneficial form, for bringing back the waste dry bread into the economy, as well as for developing microbial fertilizer formulations as an alternative to the chemical phosphorus fertilizers.

Annual food waste is TRY 214 billion

The pandemic affecting the entire world has once again demonstrated how important it is to protect resources and food products or to recycle waste products. The food waste in Turkey amounts to TRY 214 billion annually. Considering that 5 percent of all the bread produced in Turkey is wasted, the project aims to use dry bread in biofertilizer production and is crucial in preventing waste. As part of the project, waste is prevented, and also a nutritional source is produced for the plants.